Why an international treaty for the high seas is crucial to biodiversity

  • The high seas are largely unexplored, vastly deep, and teeming with marine life. Yet, there are outside of any country's jurisdiction.
  • At the same time, they are under increasing threat from overfishing, mining, climate change, and pollution. Only around 1% are currently protected and, due to the lack of clear rules and effective enforcement, are notoriously difficult to manage.
  • Fortunately, nations across the world are working on creating an international legally-binding treaty at the Intergovernmental Conference (IGC) to manage shared marine biodiversity in the high seas.

World Economic Forum


Last updated on 10 March 2022

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